The east side of Toronto is currently one of the busiest areas for new condo construction in the city: over a dozen projects are reshaping the area’s skyline. One project in particular is using new technology for the construction of concrete buildings: Monde by Tucker Hirise. With 45 condo levels and 5 levels of underground parking, Monde is among the giants that are growing in the east. This unique project was designed by Read Jones Christoffersen Consulting Engineers and uses Peikko stud rail.
Kumbo Mwanang’onze from RJC Consulting Engineers is the head structural engineer for Monde. ‘’The underground parking proved to be a challenge due to the earth pressure applying high shear forces on foundation walls’’ he explains. ‘’Earth density is usually 2000 kg per cubic meter. In the presence of ground water, the pressure on foundation walls rises considerably, increasing the shear force on walls at either side of the slabs ’’ points out Mwanang’onze. Because this site is located directly adjacent to Lake Ontario, the walls are designed on the assumption of the water-table being at ground surface. For a 5 storey underground structure, this pressure creates high shear forces on both sides of each suspended slab. Easy to install stud rails were specifically designed to resist these shear forces.
‘’Installing stud rails in our foundation walls is a simple procedure’’ says Maria Duzlevska Ilieva, site superintendent for Monde. The stud rails are installed in two steps: as one worker hangs each rail onto the wall reinforcement, a second worker ties it in position. ‘’Stud rails are installed at the rate of 30 rails per hour on average’’ explains Maria. Other options to deal with shear forces such as stirrups require more time to install.
Key stakeholders for the structure of Monde:
RJC (Read Jones Christoffersen): structural engineers
Tucker Hirise: builder
Further details on the calculation of loads applied to foundation walls:
The “Horizontal soil effective pressure p = K*(gamma(s)*h + q) where
o gamma(s) = saturated weight of soil =10kN/m3 (NOTE: for saturated soil, the weight is equal to “weight of soil” – “weight of water”)
o h=height of soil above location of interest
o q = 12kPa vertical surcharge load at the surface.
Therefore @ ground surface (ie. H=0): p = 4.8kPa
Therefore @ bottom (ie. H=8): p = 36.8kPa
Water pressure = 80kPa
Total horizontal pressure = 36.8 + 80 = 116.8kPa
We would like to extend a special thanks to Kumbo Mwanang’onze who helped us write this article.